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Hello Our Dear İkamet Insurance Customers,
In this week’s article, we will talk about the Turkish language, how to and where to learn the language and the basic structure of the Turkish language.
First of all, before you start learning the language, we recommend you to do research about Turkish, such as the culture, tradition, history and basic structure of the language, learning methods and the learning resources. In this way you will get acquainted with the language and you will have a good idea of it.
An Introductory Guide For Beginners
Learning Turkish is the same process as learning English or any foreign language. If you know the structure of the language, its basic features and its unique teaching methods, learning Turkish will turn into a very easy and enjoyable process at the same time.
First, let's take a brief look at the structure of the language.
Generally, Turkish is very flexible in terms of meaning and different from many languages in terms of structure. There are some basic grammar rules that will make your life easier when learning Turkish. You can find them below.
It’s an Agglutinative Language
Turkish is a highly agglutinative language, in that much of the grammar is expressed by means of suffixes added to nouns and verbs. It is very regular compared with many European languages. For example, evlerden "from the houses" can be analysed as ev "house", -ler (plural suffix), -den (ablative case, meaning "from"); gidiyorum "I am going" as git "go", -iyor (present continuous tense), -um (1st person singular = "I").
The typical Turkish word order is SOV (Subject-Object-Verb), which means that the subject comes first, followed by an object, and then a verb.
Here’s an example:
Another characteristic of Turkish language is vowel harmony- that is, changing vowels in words so that the language flows more smoothly.
Most suffixes have two or four different forms, the choice between which depends on the vowel of the word's root or the preceding suffix: for example, the ablative case of evler is evlerden "from the houses" but, the ablative case of başlar "heads" is başlardan "from the heads". (Wikipedia)
Turkish is a gender-neutral language except for a few sex-specific words (mostly naming professions or different sexes of livestock). Here is a common feature with English! There is no gender category in Turkish as in English.The English third-person singular pronouns she, he, and it all correspond to a single Turkish pronoun, o. Many given names in Turkish are also gender-neutral, so it is entirely possible to describe someone in the Turkish language without their gender identity being made known.
Different Sounds and Letters
Most Turkish letters are similar in pronunciation to their English counterparts. There are a few letters however whose pronunciation is unique to Turkish.
"Yumuşak ge" (Ğ ğ) or "soft g" for example always follows a vowel and is pronounced in one of two ways. If the vowel before it is one of a, ı, o, u then "yumuşak ge" will lengthen the sound of that vowel, eg. yağmur, ağaç. If the vowel is one of e, i, ö, ü then "yumuşak ge" will be pronounced as "y", eg. eğitim, iğne. Since "yumuşak ge" always follows a vowel there are no words that start with it.
You will be surprised to see how many words Turkish and English have in common. Discover those common words. It seems like a nice way to warm up to Turkish more quickly.
Here are some examples;
● Check etmek – To check
● Feedback vermek – To give feedback
● Spoiler vermek – To give away a spoiler
● Mail göndermek – To send mail
● Print etmek – To print
● Post etmek – To post
Get yourself a printed dictionary and a spelling book. Or you can use the official website of the Turkish Language Institution.
Tureng is also another useful online dictionary for the Turkish-English language pair.
Here we took a quick look at the basic structure of Turkish. However, you can find detailed information about these topics and more in the resource suggestions we will share below.
● https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_grammar: Before you start to study Turkish, it will be useful to check out Wikipedia Turkish Grammar page since it includes a brief summary of Turkish grammar and you will have an idea what are the most important characteristics of the language.
● Duolingo: Duolingo is an American educational technology company which produces apps for language-learning and provides language certification. On its main app, users can practice vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and listening skills using spaced repetition. It teaches the language with lots of games and enjoyable activities.
● https://turacoon.com/tr: Turacoon is an online Turkish learning application where you can instantly access native Turkish speakers to learn Turkish. You can work on the topics you want with their teachers. You can define your courses in Turacoon as private lessons from a native Turkish speaker, the only difference is that your course is online! You can browse tutor profiles to find tutors with specific experience or interests. By visiting Turacoon's "Prices" page, you can create a suitable Turacoon package and view different package prices. You can adjust the lesson plan according to you and thus you can save both time and money.
● https://www.turkishclass101.com/turkish-resources/: Turkish class 101 is another useful blog for those who want to learn Turkish. Their lessons focus on pronunciation and listening comprehension basically. So you can start practicing what you learn from their teachers. Their teaching program provides students of Turkish with the ultimate self-study learning course.
● Turkish series and movies: Watching Turkish series and movies is one of the best ways to learn a language as you know well because you can improve your listening skill and learn about different dialects. Turkish series and movies provide the language in context, which is the best way to learn a language. You can choose among many other options with different genres such as dramas, comedies, mysteries, romances, fantasies and so on. Pretty much all Turkish TV series will be helpful for you. One commonality among them is that Turkish seasons are nothing like American seasons. There are dozens of 2 hour long episodes per season. There are some miniseries but not many. So be ready for long storylines. :)
Stay tuned for a blog post only about Turkish series and movies !
● Turkish Literature: Reading is of course essential while learning a new language. So is Turkish Literature when you are learning Turkish !
Together with the fall of the Ottoman Empire and foundation of the Turkish Republic brought a different way to Turkish literature together with the effect of Westernization on Turkish writers (Wikipedia). During your Turkish learning journey, many great Turkish authors and novels will be with you. You can discover those writers and novels and they can help you to improve your comprehension while studying grammar.
Also stay tuned for a complete blog post about Turkish literature, author and novel suggestions !
To sum up, we talked about the Turkish language, a very brief explanation of the grammar and some resources for studying. You can discover a lot more resources and content for your Turkish learning progress on the Internet and from the resources we shared on this article.
We wish you best of luck for your learning journey and feel free to contact us if you need any help at any time,
E-ikamet Sigorta Team
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