What is Obesity? All About Obesity!

Important Notice: The explanations are for informational purposes only and you can access current and detailed information at e-ikamet.goc.gov.tr.


What is Obesity? All About Obesity!

Dear Resident Health Insurance customers, We will try to share detailed information about Obesity, which is one of today's problems, with this blog post. Obesity is a complex disease in which there is an excess of adipose tissue in the body. Obesity is not only a cosmetic problem, it is the main source of many health problems.

There are many factors that make it difficult for some people to avoid obesity. Obesity usually occurs as a result of a combination of hereditary factors, your environment and your eating habits, lifestyle, and mobility level.

The good news about this is that even a small amount of weight loss can cure or prevent obesity-related diseases. Changes in nutrition, physical activity, and behavioral changes can help you lose weight. Methods of weight loss without surgery, october medications and surgical methods are additional options when necessary.


How is Obesity Diagnosed?

If your body mass index is over 25, you are overweight, and if you are over 30, you are diagnosed with obesity. Body mass index: this is the value obtained by dividing your weight (in kg) by the square of your height (in meters). The body mass index does not indicate the proportion of fat in your body, it estimates your body fat on average. But the body mass index may mislead you because of the november of muscle tissue in athletes.

When Should I Get Support For Obesity?

If you are experiencing weight-related health problems, overweight bothers you in your daily life, your psychology and self-esteem have weakened due to your extra pounds, and you cannot get rid of your extra pounds on your own, it is useful to get professional support.

Why Do We Gain Weight?

Although body weight is under genetic, metabolic, hormonal and behavioral influences, it basically depends on the calories we take in more than the calories we spend. Obesity occurs if this balance progresses with an excess of calories that we receive. Our body stores the excess calories we take in as fat. People who are obese can get hungry faster, consume more calories, and eat more due to stress and anxiety.

From the public hospitals and or from the relevant department of private hospitals that your province is affiliated with for the problem of obesity https://enabiz.gov.tr you can also make an appointment via

Factors That Increase the Risk of Obesity

The risk of obesity increases with dec combination of many factors that predispose to obesity.

Familial Effects

Genetic infrastructure can affect the amount of fat in your body and the areas of fat storage. Your genes can play a role in the digestion of the food you eat, its conversion into energy, the expenditure and storage of energy. Here, rather than just the genetic background, the eating and movement habits of the family are also effective.

Lifestyle and Nutrition Choices

Unhealthy foods: Fruits are poor in vegetables, high in calories, fast food-style food and high-calorie drinks contribute to weight gain.

Liquids We consume: Alcohol and sugary drinks do not create satiety, as well as being one of the reasons for consuming too many calories without noticing.

Sedentary Life: If you stay sedentary for a long time due to your work or habits, you can easily get a lot more calories than you consume.

Some Drugs and Diseases

Certain medications and diseases can be an important factor in obesity. Diseases such as hashimoto's thyroiditis, which causes the thyroid gland to work little, and Cushing's syndrome, which occurs when the adrenal glands work too hard, can cause weight gain. In addition, joint diseases can reduce the amount of calories you spend by restricting your movement level.

If you do not pay attention to the amount of calories that you take and spend, then in some medicines it facilitates weight gain. Diabetes medications, some antidepressants, antipsychotic medications, steroids, beta-blocker medications, anti-seizure medications are some of these medications.

Social and Economic Problems

Due to economic problems, the lack of conditions to ensure mobility or the presence of obese people in your social environment, spending a lot of time with these people; you will also increase the risk of obesity.


Obesity can be seen in any age group, including childhood, but as you get older, november loss increases in the body and the metabolic rate decreases in the body. Therefore, if you do not have enough mobility, the risk of obesity will increase.

Other Risk Factors

Pregnancy: Weight gain during pregnancy is a common condition, but some women have difficulty losing their weight after childbirth, and this contributes to the formation of obesity. Breastfeeding can benefit in losing weight after childbirth.

Quitting Smoking: Weight gain after quitting smoking is a common condition. When individuals quit smoking, they may tend to consume more food to cope with the process. This condition can lead to weight gain and the occurrence of obesity. When quitting smoking, it may be worthwhile to get professional support in nutrition.

Sleep Disorders: Not getting enough sleep or sleeping too much can cause an increase in hormones that increase appetite, so that you consume more foods that are high in carbohydrates and high in calories.

Stress: In stressful situations, your level of cortisol secreted in the body increases. Therefore, during these periods, your body may want more caloric foods.

Intestinal Flora: The variety of benign bacteria contained in your intestine is affected by what you eat. Changes in this flora can make it difficult for you to lose weight

Unsuccessful Weight Loss Attempts: If you have had unsuccessful attempts before, lost weight quickly, and regained the weight you lost quickly, your metabolism may slow down and you may have difficulties in weight loss.

You may have one or more of these risk factors. Just because you have these risk factors doesn't necessarily mean you'll be obese. A healthy and balanced diet, physical activity and exercise are your weapons with which you can neutralize most risk factors.

Complications That May Occur Due to Obesity

There is a possibility that some diseases may occur in obese people and the severity of some diseases may increase.

Cardiovascular Diseases: Obesity contributes to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases more often by increasing problems such as hypertension, cholesterol levels.

Diabetes Type 2: Obesity is directly linked to the appearance of insulin resistance and diabetes by disrupting insulin metabolism.

Some Types of Cancer: Obesity increases the risk of developing certain types of cancer, such as uterine cancer, ovarian, colon cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, and prostate cancer.

Sexual Problems: Obesity can cause infertility in women and erectile dysfunction problems in men.

Sleep Apnea: The picture, which manifests itself as an instantaneous cessation of breathing during sleep at night, is much more common in obese people.

Joint Problems: Obesity increases the load, especially on the knees, and causes damage to the knees and osteoarthritis tables called calcification.

Severe COVID-19 Findings: Obese individuals are more likely to have severe Covid-19 and enter intensive care.

The Effects of Obesity on Life:

The perception of physical disability may occur in obese individuals, and they may also face social discrimination. Therefore, they may not want to do many things that they used to do fondly in public places, preferring social isolation. In addition, this condition can cause depression, failure in business, feelings of shame and guilt.

Obesity Prevention and Weight Loss

Whether you are normal weight, obese, or overweight, you need to follow the same strategies to lose weight and maintain the weight you have. Regular exercise, paying attention to eating habits and portions are common concepts that should be in the processes of losing weight and maintaining weight.

Regular Exercise: Regular exercise will speed up your metabolism, increase the amount of calories you spend. The physical activity you plan should be sustainable. Therefore, the physical activity that you choose should give you pleasure and become a part of your life.

Healthy Eating: Your nutrition program can be based on a moderate amount of vegetables, fruits, unprocessed animal products and whole grains. It is important to avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, packaged foods, calorie-laden foods, and simple carbohydrates and alcohol. Remember that your stomach is not garbage and you don't have to consume every food you see or are served every time.

Keeping a Nutrition Diary: By keeping a nutrition diary, you will be able to understand that your carbohydrate cravings increase when you consume, that you cannot control your appetite when you consume, and what emotional states disrupt your eating pattern. After a while, he realizes that certain patterns have formed, you can develop strategies on this issue.

Regular Weight Monitoring: Studies have shown that people who weigh at least 1 time per week are more successful at maintaining their weight. Therefore, do regular weight monitoring.

Be consistent: Disrupting your eating pattern with phrases such as vacation today, Sunday today can disrupt the process after a while. Therefore, try to continue as much as possible without disrupting your eating pattern.


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E-İkamet Sigorta Team


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